The National Research Act, formally known as Public Law 93-348, was passed into law on the 12th of July 1974. This law led to the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. The Commission was charged with identifying the essential ethical belmont principles that should be applied to research involving human subjects and preparing procedures to ensure the research is conducted according to the guidelines. When implementing the above directives, the Commission was directed to consider
Which of the following are the three principles discussed in the Belmont Report?
- A) IRB review, Federal regulations, Declaration of Helsinki.
- B) Informed Consent, Institutional Assurance, Researcher responsibility.
- C) Respect for Persons, Beneficence, Justice.
- D) Privacy, Confidentiality, Equitable selection of subjects.
Which of the following are the three principles discussed in the belmont report?
Correct Answer is (C). Respect for Persons, Beneficence, Justice.
The Belmont Report is a set of ethical guidelines that all UW studies that use humans as subjects must follow. This advice aims to provide guidelines that apply to human subjects within the context of the Belmont Ethical Principles.
The three ethical principles discussed in the belmont report are:
Belmont report 3 principles:
Respect for Persons
Respect for others is based on two ethical principles fundamental to human rights: firstly, individuals should be considered independent agents. The second principle is people with a diminished capacity to exercise agency should be protected.
Ethics in treating individuals entails more than simply protecting them from harm and observing their choices; it includes taking steps to ensure their well-being. It is expected to interpret the concept of “beneficence” to encompass acts of charity or benevolence that go beyond the simple obligation.
The basic principles of justice are widely accepted as: (1) an equal part for all, (2) consideration of the individual’s needs, (3) recognition of the individual’s efforts, (4) consideration of the contribution of society as well as (5) the consideration of merit.
Three ethical fundamentals for human research are laid out within the Belmont Report: Respect for people, the rights of others, and Justice. These guidelines provide a comprehensive set of guidelines for ensuring the ethical conduct of research and protecting research participants.
The alternatives offered in the question do not accurately reflect these basic guidelines and must be corrected. To ensure that research is conducted ethically, organizations and researchers must adhere to the following rules: protect the rights and wellbeing of all involved.